Friday, November 29, 2019

Torture, Not Culture - Female Genital Mutilation Essays - Medicine

Torture, Not Culture - Female Genital Mutilation TORTURE, NOT CULTURE (AN INSIGHT INTO FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION) Female circumcision, better known as Female Genital Mutilation, is an ugly monster finally rearing its head from out of the depths of time. It can attack a girl at any age, with a little prompting from her society, and the aid of an unsuspecting human wielding the knife. Usually, it is performed from a few days after birth to puberty, but in some regions, the torture can be put off until just before marriage or the seventh month of pregnancy (Samad, 52). Women that have gone beyond the primary level of education are much less likely to fall victim to the tradition ("Men's...", 34). The average victim is illiterate and living in a poverty-stricken community where people face hunger, bad health, over-working, and unclean water ("Female...", 1714). This, however, is not always the case. As one can see in the following story of Soraya Mire, social classes create no real barriers. Soraya Mire, a 13-year-old from Mogadishu, Somolia, never knew what would happen to her the day her mother called her out of her room to go buy her some gifts. When asked why, her mother replied, "I just want to show you how much I love you." As Soraya got into the car, she wondered where the armed guards were. Being the daughter of a Somolian general, she was always escorted by guards. Despite her mother's promise of gifts, they did not stop at a store, but at a doctor's home. "This is your special day," Soraya's mother said. "Now you are to become a woman, an important woman." She was ushered into the house and strapped down to an operating table. A local anesthetic was given but it barely blunted the pain as the doctor performed the circumcision. Soraya was sent home an hour later. Soraya broke from her culture's confining bonds at the age of 18 by running away from an abusive arranged marriage. In Switzerland, she was put in a hospital emergency room with severe menstrual cramps because of the operation. Seven months later, the doctor performed reconstructive surgery on her. Now in the U.S., Soraya is a leading spokeswoman against FGM (Bell, 58). In addition to being active in the fight against FGM, she is a American filmmaker. She has come a long way. Being well-educated about the facts of FGM also brings to light the ugly truth. "It is happening on American soil," insists Soraya. Mutilations are occurring every day among innigrants and refugees in the U.S. (Brownlee, 57). Immigrants have also brought the horrifying practice to Europe, Australia, and Canada (McCarthy, 14). Normally, it is practiced in North and Central Africa ("Men's...", 34), the Middle East, and Muslim populations of Indonesia and Malaysia ("Female...", 1714). Although it seems to have taken root in Muslim and African Christian religions, there is no Koranic or Biblical backing for FGM ("Men's...", 34). Many times female circumcision is treated as a religion in itself. It can be a sacred ritual meant to be kept secret forever. As a woman told poet Mariama Barrie, "You are about to enter Society {sic}, and you must never reveal the ritual that is about to take place." (Barrie, 54). The ritualistic version of FGM is much more barbaric than the sterile doctor's world which Soraya Mire passed through. Mariama Barrie had to endure the most severe form of FGm at the tender age of ten. Mariama's torture is known as infibulation. There is also excision and sunna. Infibulation consists of the removal of the entire clitoris, the whole of the labia minora and up to 2/3 of the labia majora. The sides of the vulva are sewn or held together by long thorns. A small opening the size of the tip of a matchstick is left for the passage of menstrual blood and urine. Excision is a clitoridectomy and sometimes the removal of the labia minora; sunna is the only type that can truthfully be called circumcision. It is a subtotal clitoridectomy ("Female...", 1714). To put this in perspective, infibulation would be like cutting off a man's penis completely, cutting the testicles to the groin, and

Monday, November 25, 2019

Free Essays on Higher Education

Education; it’s the basis of our lives. We try to run from it, but can never escape it. Some try to pursue it; some do not. It can make or break us. It can be the difference between making your future, or breaking your future. Studies have shown that only one in every four high school seniors go on to a four-year college. And that out of them, only one in every 2 college freshman will graduate from the college he or she starts at. So, to put these statistics into reality for you, pick three of your closest friends and realize that studies show that only one of you will go on to a four-year college. College is more than just pursuing a degree to make money. Gaining a college education helps to increase your understanding of your community, Nation, and world. It helps you to make, and obtain many lifelong goals, and to become a more responsible, and reliable citizen. College seems to have become a â€Å"trend† that has swept the country over the past few years. It’s now considered normal to go to college, and you are frowned upon when you do not attend. However; not everyone is cut out to be a college student, and for those of you who aren’t, don’t worry, because there is life without college. Yes, a college education does help your chances of getting a better paying job, but it does not guarantee one. Four years of hard work and dedication, unfortunately does not guarantee you a job after college. But the unemployment of a college graduate is still lower, than those who only have a high school diploma. In most cases, employers look for a college education. More job opportunities are given to you with a higher education. Also salaries can differ greatly between a college graduate and someone with only a high school diploma. A four-year college is not the only option when looking into pursuing a higher education. Technical schools, Trade schools, and Junior colleges are among some of the most popular. They c... Free Essays on Higher Education Free Essays on Higher Education Education; it’s the basis of our lives. We try to run from it, but can never escape it. Some try to pursue it; some do not. It can make or break us. It can be the difference between making your future, or breaking your future. Studies have shown that only one in every four high school seniors go on to a four-year college. And that out of them, only one in every 2 college freshman will graduate from the college he or she starts at. So, to put these statistics into reality for you, pick three of your closest friends and realize that studies show that only one of you will go on to a four-year college. College is more than just pursuing a degree to make money. Gaining a college education helps to increase your understanding of your community, Nation, and world. It helps you to make, and obtain many lifelong goals, and to become a more responsible, and reliable citizen. College seems to have become a â€Å"trend† that has swept the country over the past few years. It’s now considered normal to go to college, and you are frowned upon when you do not attend. However; not everyone is cut out to be a college student, and for those of you who aren’t, don’t worry, because there is life without college. Yes, a college education does help your chances of getting a better paying job, but it does not guarantee one. Four years of hard work and dedication, unfortunately does not guarantee you a job after college. But the unemployment of a college graduate is still lower, than those who only have a high school diploma. In most cases, employers look for a college education. More job opportunities are given to you with a higher education. Also salaries can differ greatly between a college graduate and someone with only a high school diploma. A four-year college is not the only option when looking into pursuing a higher education. Technical schools, Trade schools, and Junior colleges are among some of the most popular. They c...

Thursday, November 21, 2019

On the Origins of Violence (SLP) Module 1 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

On the Origins of Violence (SLP) Module 1 - Essay Example nts such as bars, stores, hotels, movie theatres, museums, art galleries, sport venues, parks, and trails, the area is most under constant security patrols making criminal activity very minimal considering other states or nationwide. The population of the area is 20,774 for males and 23,053 for females based on 2010 population update. With reference to income per household, North Bethesda has a household income of $94,334 compared to the $70,004. Both of these household incomes place the residents as middle class earners with very minimal financial constraints. The national violent crime index is 387, the County of Maryland crime rate is 477, and that of North Bethesda is 204. Further information shows that there is 1 out 61 chances of a North Bethesda resident falling a victim of any type of crime. With this low crime rate, the relationship between violence and the health and/or welfare of the community is almost none existent. However, the fact that Maryland has a higher violent cr ime rate puts the residents of North Bethesda at risk of falling victims when outside their residential vicinity. However, having no confirmed cases so far, the health and welfare of the community is not under direct connection of violent crimes. The total population of North Bethesda is 43,828 as of 2012 and with a population growth rate of 18.11%. The cost of housing in the area is $335,900 for buyers and $1,686 for rentals. However, the living cost of North Bethesda is about 140% compared to the rest of the nation. When compared to Maryland’s crime rate index, North Bethesda has 48% less crime while Maryland is at the same crime rate index as the national index. A quick check of other data shows that North Bethesda is 51.3% safer than other cities within the nations, 67% safer than Maryland, one has 1 chance of being a violent crime victim in every 490 times, and property crime is about 1 chance for every 69 for a North Bethesda. The available resource in North Bethesda used for

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Explain each element of the Dunnings OLI paradigm. Give examples for Essay

Explain each element of the Dunnings OLI paradigm. Give examples for each of the OLI elements for market-seeking and resource-seeking types of investment (6 in - Essay Example These categories are market seeking, resource seeking, efficiency seeking and strategic resource seeking motives. Market and Resource seeking motives have been the two most recognized categories of motives (Dunning 2000). These two are the main reasons for most first time internationalization attempts by firms. Yet, efficiency seeking and strategic asset seeking motives increase in importance and are more common as motives for those companies who are already engaged in multinational activity. Dunning also confirms that closer relations with customers and durable relations with suppliers were equally important motives. Besides, he suggests that internationalization was driven by opportunities abroad rather than threats at home. Opportunity has been described in a different vein by Williamson (1975). He states that incomplete contracts and missing markets gave rise to opportunistic behaviour and to fill the void companies chose to face the challenge with replacing external contracts by direct ownership and internal hierarchy. Dunning’s eclectic paradigm is useful in analysing the complex decisions made by Firms to go international. The three OLI factors help to explain why production is based in a foreign land in place of home country. It explains the value additions available to a company in host countries on account of OLI. Each of these factors offers some advantage that enhances the competitiveness and performance of the firm. Basically the home advantage of Ownership is transferred to the host countries for competitiveness. These are then transferred to specific host country where the best the Locational factors exist through FDI. Finally the Internalization or the internal expertise, partly due to O factors accounts for the competitive advantage that was originally the objective of the exercise. This has been confirmed by the similar internalization theory of Rugman (1984). The main

Monday, November 18, 2019

Supply Chain Management and Technology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Supply Chain Management and Technology - Essay Example Today with the down fall in economy and the increase in the costs the companies are planning to have a strong and an effective supply chain in their bottom line. The reason is that the implementation of a strong supply chain at the bottom will ensure that the cost is decreased along the production line and the management is effective. However these decreases in the costs and effective management will ensure that the efficiency of the firm gets increases and the profitability and the return on the investment increases. Implementation of Enterprise resource planning in an organization works best in conjunction with a supply chain management system. ERP systems involve a multitude of business activities, including customer service and production planning that are not a part of supply chains (de Burca, Fynes, & Marshall, 2005). The success of supply chain management system lies in the hands of the technology. It can be only successful with the implementation of web- based software and through proper communication. Before the internet the supply chain could not function appropriately the reason is that the collaboration with the other firms was less efficient. The process of feed backs, updates and other important business functions used to take a lot of time. The process of transferring knowledge was all done manually which took time. Collaboration with global partners used to be a challenge for the organizations. But with the introduction of internet and new communication technologies that include email, fax etc. the communication and knowledge and information transfer issue was completely resolved. One of the biggest advantages that the technology has offered to supply chain is the ease of collaboration no matter how distant the customer, the supplier or any other organization is. This helped in developing good relationships at both ends of the supply chain which includes the customers as well as the suppliers. The companies can now also remain updated with their competitors' activities. For example a supplier of consumer goods may be linked up through internet to one of the distributors. In this way whenever the inventory goes down the order will be placed automatically. in this way, the distributor never has to worry about running out of a product and disappointing customers and the supplier doesn't have to worry about maintaining a large inventory in expectation of demand. Systems have also been made to send out multiple requests at a single time. Collaborating this way makes better use of existing resources and paves the way for a larger profit margin on all sides of the eq uation (Chow, 2006). The Importance of Technology Technology today has made both outsourcing and off shoring much easier tasks than they were initially. In a very strong supply chain and a very elaborative business it is sometimes considered good to outsource certain business functions. This helps in saving upon a lot of costs at times. Technology today like internet and some systems have made the task of outsourcing much easier. For outsourcing a task

Saturday, November 16, 2019

Effects of the Tourism Sector on Employment Rates

Effects of the Tourism Sector on Employment Rates Chapter 2: Literature Review The main purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the existing literatures that various researchers have conducted on tourism and employment. This chapter also shed lights on how tourism sector is important for employment. 2.1 Theoretical Review The theoretical literature explores all the theories based on tourism and employment. 2.2 Introduction Around the world tourism has become the most crucial and fast growing industry as it is bringing a numerous advantages especially in Small Island like Mauritius. Over the last decades, tourism has attained increasing recognition as a crucial sector with enormous potential for generating employment. Tourism has been classified as the prosperous industry and considered as one of the largest and most progressive industries in the world that can bring maximum advantage to a country as compared to other economic activities. There has been a rise in tourist’s arrivals during the recent years since the beginning of civilisation as travel has been a great interest for people especially in Mauritius. UNWTOs Tourism 2020 vision foresees that international tourists arrivals are expected to be over 1.56 billion in the year 2020 thus this will bring a positive impact in job opportunities in the future as it will boost up the employment rate in the world. As such, the tourism sector will co ntinue to be a promising industry in the following decades. In a country such as Mauritius, employment is considered as one of the most important matters as unemployment keep on increasing every day. Unemployment following a period of seasonal job creation may be voluntary or involuntary. It is more efficient in creating employment in tourism than in any other sector as tourism is a labour intensive industry. Consumption expenditures of tourist provide direct or indirect employment opportunities in the tourism industry. Therefore total employment in a country is influenced by tourism via the general employment effect in the economy. The rapid growth of international tourism has led to numerous job creations. Tourism can create employment directly through hotels, restaurants, souvenir sales, taxis and nightclubs, and indirectly through the supply of commodities needed by tourism-related businesses. 2.3 The seasonality in tourism employment Tourism seasonality is an important issue in many destinations. Seasonality creates the variation in tourists and visitor numbers to a destination. Many countries are affected by seasonal employment in their tourism industry especially in coastal destination. Seasonality is considered more as an issue rather than a benefit of tourism (Butler, 2001). Thus seasonality is seen as a problem to be tackled at an operational level. Flognfedt (2001) disagrees that in certain situation seasonality in demands present opportunities to rural destinations mostly where their economy balances tourism alongside other activities. However it is considered that seasonality can cause problems for employment level in the economy. Unemploymentis not certainly produced by seasonal employment. Unemployment that occurs due to seasonal employment may be willingly or unwillingly because some employees prefer seasonal job as they are paid more compared to other job. Anyunemployment benefitpolicy designed to alleviate the seasonal nature of employment insectorssuch astourism may reduce the unemployment issue. Employment in the tourism sector is greatly affected by the phenomenon of seasonality. Marshall (1999) describes seasonal job as: â€Å"once the seasonal peak has been over, non-stable job will end at a stated time or in the future†. The perception of tourism seasonality can be described as temporal lack of balance in the phenomenon of tourism which can be signified in their expenditure, in the number of visitors and employment (Butler, 1994). The tourism sector gives the opportunity of complementary earning for local population in many developed and developing countries. However, particularly in many developed country destination seasonal fluctuation brings an irregular use of potential workforce which eventually lead to an increase in seasonal unemployment. The seasonal fluctuation of capacity use in tourism industry brings also a local shift of working area. Several countries reported efforts to prolong the high season by creating new artisanal products in order to attract more tourists in the whole year. This would solve the problem of seasonality employment as well as help to increase the investment yield. Furthermore in the Mauritian context, seasonality in tourist arrivals is also presented and hence this creates an imbalance of employment in the tourism industry where many people will be unemployed during this period. Usually the hottest months of the year are January and December where many foreigners come in Mauritius to spend Christmas and New Year in the summer season while other peaks are in the months of March and August where most of the European spends their holidays in Mauritius. However in June, the winter month in Mauritius and February, the cyclone prone month the country experienced a decreased in its tourist’s arrivals. According to the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), there has been an increased in international tourist arrivals by 4 percent between the month of January and August 2012 compared with the year in 2011. Furthermore, total expenditure on tourism has also increased and most of the rise in spending was from travellers from developing countries suc h as China, and Indonesia. This generates more employment opportunities in the tourism industry. 2.4 The relationship between Tourism and Employment As tourism is a service industry it has powerful effect on those areas which has surplus of labour because skilled and productive human resources are very important for this sector. Tourism, due to its manpower intensive production by nature, is an industry creating an enormous opportunity of employment facilities. It has a great impact on local population employment. Thus there is a positive relationship between the growth of tourism and the increasing employment benefits. This also helps in reducing the poverty rate. A large number of professional and unprofessional people are required in the field of construction, advertisement and management of infrastructural facilities of tourist centres. The proper utilization of these available human resources could be a benefit for tourism improvement and side by side further prediction of employment. Any expenditure by a tourist allows this industry directly and allows other sectors which supply input to tourism sector indirectly to boost up employment opportunities. Tourism sector is directly linked with several industries such as accommodation, transport, entertainment, travel agents, management, finance and health. Moreover, tourism construction industry provides sources for other industries such as agriculture industry and manufacture industry indirectly. Furthermore, tourism may create job opportunities not only in tourist receiving countries but also in tourist sending countries in different aspect because different service units are needed in sender countries to complete some facilities done before travel. Depending upon development in tourism sector and intensity in demand for tourism there is an increasing effect in employment. The employment in a country increases as much as tourism demands for that country. Tourism creates employment as much as the income (Holloway, 1994). In addition, if we make comparison of employment rates created by tourism based on tourist sender country and tourist receiver country, it is possible to conclude in general that the employment rate in tourist receiver country is higher. Tourism appeared to be more labour intensive and empirical studies have confirmed that the level of employment in tourism activities is quite high. 2.5 Tourism creates an abundance of employment opportunities in both the informal and formal sectors. Tourism creates three types of employment in regional and national economies.( Mathieson and Wall) Direct Employment Tourism creates enormous number of direct employment in establishment like hotels, restaurants, tourist shops, travel agencies and also in transport, handloom and handicraft industries in the country and it meets touristic needs directly. It also generates certain category of workers like interpreters, guides, tour operators and so on. Indirect Employment Those directly employed in the tourism industry creates indirect employment in certain other sectors through their demand for the commodities. It covers the employment in other industries which do not cater for touristic consumers directly but get revenue from expenditure done in touristic relations that is the other sectors which bring input for tourism sector. For example, the workers to be employed in construction work of an additional unit to increase capacity of an accommodation facility, or the employees working in a manufacturing facility, which produces the goods to be put up for sale in this facility, can be considered in indirect employment. Induced Employment It refers to further employment in economy arising from re-spending of the income which has been acquired by direct and indirect employment approaches ( Mathieson and Wall, 1982). The individuals, whose earnings and standard of living have raised due to their tourism activities, create new job opportunities spending this acquired earning in other sectors of the economy. Multiplier effect of tourism plays an essential role in the development of induced employment. Mauritius has not been able to maintain its number one position in the regional rankings as it was overtaken by the entry of the Seychelles in the year 2013 and is ranked 58th overall. The priority of the sector remains high, along with a strong national attraction for Travel Tourism (ranked 6th). The country’s tourism sector and the good infrastructural development ground were ranked 48th and 37th respectively by regional standards. Travel Tourism is one of the dominant employment creators in the earth as this industry directly engages more than 98 million people, representing over 3 percent of employment rate in the world. The sector contributes to around one in every eleven jobs in the whole world. The share of world employment in Travel Tourism is greater than that for the auto manufacturing industries and chemicals manufacturing industries combined, across each and every region of the world. In addition, the outlook for the sector is almost positive as job growth in Travel Tourism is estimated to average 1.9 percent yearly over the following next ten years, compared with 1.2 percent growth yearly forecast for total jobs in the world. In all the regions of the world except for Africa, employment in Travel Tourism is foreseen to be more promising than total employment growth while travel and tourism employment in Africa is still expected to grow by 2.3 percent yearly for the next decades and reach 2.9 percent of total employment by 2022. Empirical literature review This section provides a brief description of the relevant empirical studies on tourism and employment. The main findings have been recorded, merged and compared where appropriate to build a model for analysing the impact of tourism on employment. Finally, the relationship between tourism and employment is examined. As tourism is a mixture of sectors and it consists of a great number of small service sectors, it becomes difficult to calculate exactly the tourism’s contribution in the country’s economy. However in Albania country it has been able to determine the relationship between tourism and employment in Albania during the year 1999 to 2012 and the empirical studies show that tourism has a positive impact on employment. Time series have quarterly data and their study has been done using Engle Granger test, Johansen Co integration and the correction of error. Thus empiric results show that tourism has had a positive effect on employment and the co-integration test has given result that there is a strong relationship between the two variables in the long run period. Furthermore, in Bermuda (dix 1989) concluded that 70 % of all employment in the island is supported by tourism. However when solely the direct employment is viewed the impact of tourism on employment is undervalued. That is real impact is far greater when taking into consideration the effect on the economy of both indirect and induced employment. A lack of accurate figure for total number of people employed in either indirect or induced tourism activities makes it difficult to calculate how many people are affected even though it is possible to estimate the impact of expected tourist expenditure on direct and indirect employment(mappisammeng 1991; Booth 1988). Varley 1978 considered that the volume of indirect employment generated by tourism was dependant on the degree of linkage between the tourism sector and the other sector in the economy. In his studies in Fiji he concluded that the higher degree of integration in the economy was the higher the amount of indirect employment creat ed. Further empirical studies have been done to illustrate the impact of tourism on national economy. Thus input-output analysis approach has been done to illustrate the economic impact of tourism. However Dwyer, Forsyth and Spurr argue that this type of models has some limitation and is considered as a disadvantage to use such type of model. They revealed that these models had taken into consideration only the positive economic aspect and has overlooked the negative impacts. Therefore they suggested that Computable general Equilibrium models (CGE) is a better technique to resolve the problem of the limitation.

Wednesday, November 13, 2019

Essay --

Currency/Exchange Rate Currency- Yuan Exchange Rate - 1 Chinese Yuan - 0.17 USD On December 1, 1948, the new People’s Bank of China introduced Yuan notes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 1000, and later in 1949, the bank introduced 200, 500, 5000, and 10,000 Yuan notes. 50,000 Yuan notes were then added in 1950. Practices, Regulations, Laws In the twentieth and twenty first centuries, the practice of law in China became known to become a rich mix of old traditional values and Western influence. Because of traditional values, law in China is heavily based upon Confucian philosophy that Chinese culture has become so famous for. the system is based on gaining control through moral education. Though the Chinese culture has seen great change throughout the millennium, the law of the People’s Republic of China is undergoing reform, as the nation feels the need to emphasize of the strengthening of rule of law. Similar to the United States, the Chinese people honor the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China. This document is often described to be the â€Å"highest and ultimate source of legal norms† in China. The value of different forms of laws is set under the Constitution in a form of hierarchy as follows: 1. The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China 2. National laws, iss ued by the National People’s Congress 3. Administrative regulations, issued by the State Council 4. Local decrees, issued by the local People’s Congresses 5. Administrative and local rule, issued by an administrative agency or by a local People’s Government. Aside from high level governmental law systems, the People’s Republic of China has also set up courts for different levels of public affairs under the Organic Law of the People’s C... ...d very fresh. Attractions When at China, there are many different places that people can visit. However, the top ten places that they must go are the main cities like Beijing, Xi’an, and Shanghai where they can make their first stop before going on to other attractions. From Beijing, people can go to the Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, the Great Wall of China, Ming Tomb, Lama Temple, and even the Beijing Capital Museum. From Xi’an, people can visit the Terra-cotta army, Banpo Museum, Huaqing Hot Spring, City Wall, and even the Xi’an Great Mosque. From Shanghai, people can travel to the Shanghai Museum, the Shanghai Jade Buddha Temple, and the Shanghai Oriental Pearl TV Tower. China is a large country with a various type of attractions. There are a lot of ways visitors can adventure China and do their sightseeing as there are a lot of things to sightsee. Essay -- Currency/Exchange Rate Currency- Yuan Exchange Rate - 1 Chinese Yuan - 0.17 USD On December 1, 1948, the new People’s Bank of China introduced Yuan notes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 1000, and later in 1949, the bank introduced 200, 500, 5000, and 10,000 Yuan notes. 50,000 Yuan notes were then added in 1950. Practices, Regulations, Laws In the twentieth and twenty first centuries, the practice of law in China became known to become a rich mix of old traditional values and Western influence. Because of traditional values, law in China is heavily based upon Confucian philosophy that Chinese culture has become so famous for. the system is based on gaining control through moral education. Though the Chinese culture has seen great change throughout the millennium, the law of the People’s Republic of China is undergoing reform, as the nation feels the need to emphasize of the strengthening of rule of law. Similar to the United States, the Chinese people honor the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China. This document is often described to be the â€Å"highest and ultimate source of legal norms† in China. The value of different forms of laws is set under the Constitution in a form of hierarchy as follows: 1. The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China 2. National laws, iss ued by the National People’s Congress 3. Administrative regulations, issued by the State Council 4. Local decrees, issued by the local People’s Congresses 5. Administrative and local rule, issued by an administrative agency or by a local People’s Government. Aside from high level governmental law systems, the People’s Republic of China has also set up courts for different levels of public affairs under the Organic Law of the People’s C... ...d very fresh. Attractions When at China, there are many different places that people can visit. However, the top ten places that they must go are the main cities like Beijing, Xi’an, and Shanghai where they can make their first stop before going on to other attractions. From Beijing, people can go to the Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, the Great Wall of China, Ming Tomb, Lama Temple, and even the Beijing Capital Museum. From Xi’an, people can visit the Terra-cotta army, Banpo Museum, Huaqing Hot Spring, City Wall, and even the Xi’an Great Mosque. From Shanghai, people can travel to the Shanghai Museum, the Shanghai Jade Buddha Temple, and the Shanghai Oriental Pearl TV Tower. China is a large country with a various type of attractions. There are a lot of ways visitors can adventure China and do their sightseeing as there are a lot of things to sightsee.